Gear and Kayak:
Wet suit: This is call wetsuit made of body-hugging neoprene. It’s a sleeveless wetsuit so it should touch in your body directly because it works by trapping a thin film of water between the suit and your body. Once water fills the wetsuit it will warmed by your body and insulated from the river by itself. It also provides some extra flotation and padding and also it gives you some extra grip on your kayak.
Booties: This is call booties it’s a thin neoprene booties with semi rigid soles to keep your feet warm and provide decent traction during slippery portages.
Paddling Jacket: This is call paddling jacket it is similar to a rain jacket you can use it as outer layer. It lets the water in through the waist when you’re swimming but it can protect you from the wind and can provide enough protection to keep you warm with nothing more than a wetsuit underneath.
PFD: You’ll have to wear a (PFD) Personal Floatation Device designed to float a swimmer in water therefore you’ll wear it at all the time when on the water. Emergency situation can develop suddenly. Your PFD is your main safety device, Check to make sure that the PFD is the correct size, clip all of the fasteners, tighten the PFD to a comfortable snug.
The main purpose of a PFD is to keep your mouth and chin above water long enough to let you breath.
Now how can you wear it you can wear it like T-shirt as if this. It will cinch snugly around your torso and will not ride up over your face or head in rapids. It has some buckles lock them properly. And it’s adjustable you can adjust it as you wish it has two buckles each side or may be more than this. If you want to tight it just grab the strap from both side and pull them front and if you want to loose it just push these buckle back by your thumb from both side.
When you remove your PFD at lunch or at the end of the day, are sure to clip it securely to the boat. If it is loose, a gust of wind or motion of the boat can send it into the water.
Helmet: Wear a helmet it’s a rigid headgear to protect your head from impact. Make sure that the helmet fits on your head comfortably and place on the head facing the correct way. The chinstrap should hold the helmet securely in place. Therefore, the helmet will not ride up and expose your forehead or slide down and block your vision.
Before inters the kayak you can say to our team member to check your PFD & Helmet.
Kayak: This is call kayak, it’s a plastic boat design to run the whitewater rivers and rescue. Basically it has 3 parts this is front known as bow and this is back known as stern and in the middle it’s your seat here. The handles near the bow and stern are usually known as grab loops, while the extra-sturdy deck loops mounted closer to the cockpit designed to make rescues easier and provide a way to lock the kayaks to your car are known as broach loops and drain plugs for fast, efficient bailing. The entry hole in the deck is known as the cockpit, while the cockpit flared lip is frequently known as the coaming. all boats have some common components so no matter what type of whitewater kayak you select, Most modern whitewater kayaks consist of a hull, a seat, footbraces, and may be supported from the inside by vertical pillars or bulkheads. Just inside the cockpit, thigh brace nestle beneath the front deck and provide a contact point for your thigh and knees. Finally, some kayaks come outfitted with backbands or lumbar pads for lower back support.
Design features: There are so many design features that go into each boat. The key variances are in length, width, deck height, and volume so let’s dive into it.
Length: Whitewater kayaks generally range from 6 to just over 12 feet long. The longer boats usually track faster and straight it you will usually feel. Longer boats often feel better in big water too. Shorter boats generally spin faster and fit on small waves better when surfing, but they track slower on the water when forward or back paddling.
Width and Deck height: These are design features that balance out your kayak’s hull design by providing enough room to seat. Most kayaks are 22 to 24 inches wide; wider boats often feel more stable on the water, while narrower boats feel faster but less stable.
Deck height, which frequently range from 10.5 to 12.5 inches near the cockpit. It provides comfortable seating while holding the kayaker’s legs in the proper position.
Volume: Volume is a measure of how much water the kayak would displace if it was completely submerged. High volume boats float higher in the water (as you might guess), making them more suitable for larger paddlers. Depending on the boat’s overall shape, corky high volume boats can bob quickly to the surface on steep creek.Carrying your kayak: The most common way to carry your kayak is to rest the cockpit on your shoulder (place your shoulder near the seat’s hip pad) while extending an arm inside the boat to steady it as you walk. An even easier way to carry your kayak is to have a friend hold the bow while you hold the stern. Whatever method you use to get your kayak to the river, use your leg muscles for lifting to avoid back strain, and don’t drag your boat on the ground.
Seat and footbraces: Footbraces (footpegs and bulkheads) provide a solid position for your feet and help you push the rest of your lower body tightly into position. When the footbraces are perfectly adjusted, the balls of your feet will rest comfortably against them.
Backbands: Backbands and lumbar pads nestle against the small of your back, preventing you from sliding backward off your seat and holding you forward against your footbraces. They also provide some welcome lumbar supports, easing the strain maneuvering imparts on your lower back.
Hip pads: If your seat is wide enough to slide a hand between your hips and the seat walls, you’re probably going to need to add customized minicell foam or neoprene hip pads. Hip pads help you tilt and lean your kayak when you’re rightside up, and they help you stay inboard and roll when you’re upside down. Don’t make the shims too tight, you’ll notice that your boat will comfortably grab your hips and your level of control will skyrocket dramatically.
Spray skirts: It’s an ingenious device known as a spray skirt or spray deck. It looks like a high-tech neoprene tutu for kayakers. The spray skirt is pulled on like a skirt, with the tall body tube wrapping around your lower torso and the deck flapping out in front of you. It has a rubber rand made of bungy cord or stretchy rubber that wraps around the cockpit and used to seal the spray skirt to the cockpit coaming. Every spray skirt has some type of release strap known as a grab loop that allows you to pull the spray skirt free when exiting the kayak. Always make sure the release strap is outside the cockpit so it is available when you need it, and learn to pull it forward toward the bow and upward to disengage it quickly.
Paddle: There are so many types of kayak paddles now days in the market. Quality kayaking paddles are constructed from wood, plastic, fiberglass, carbon fibber, and oval shaft also known as indexed shafts or round shafts, feathered or unfeathered blades.
Feathered blades – offset or turned 30 to 85 degrees from each other- it help make the paddle less wind resistant and increase the biomechanical efficiency of each stroke. Every kayaker has a different concept of the perfect paddle. So some paddlers like their blades feathered 45 degrees; others like 30 degrees offsets. There is lots of room for debate on blade shapes and sizes, paddler height, arm length, kayak size and paddling style.
How to hold paddle: Now this is the paddle. Look at the paddle blade this is call blade. Curved blades also known as spoon blades enter and bite the water better than flat blades but they can be a little confusing to first time paddlers. The concave side of the blade is called the power face, and the opposite side is called the non power face also known as back face. So when you start forward paddling, the power face will face the stern and press against the water. If the paddle is unfeathered, so finding both power faces will be easy but if you’re using a feathered paddle, the offset blades will pose a bit of a quandary so how do you get both blades to work the same way? With your control hand!
Your control hand always maintains a solid grip on the shaft and rotates the shaft within the other hand. Everyone is using the right hand control paddle so your right hand grips the paddle so that the top of your hand, wrist, and forearm are 90 degrees to the blade. Your right wrist stays that way when you stroke with the right blade, but cocks upward and outward to set the left blade for a left side stroke.
Hand placement is the final element in the paddling formula. To find your proper hand placement, rest your paddle on your head. Now hold the paddle with both hands so that your elbows are facing forward and are bent at 90 degrees. Finally, make sure that your hands are equidistant from both blades, and then slide both hands in an inch or so. Keep in mind, however, that big variations in your hand placement may reduce your power, efficiency, control or reach.
Stretching and warm-up: Before you enter your boat, take a few minutes to stretch your shoulders, arms, chest, back, waist, and legs. Do some light jumping jacks to get your blood flowing and your heart pumping. All of your muscles should be loose and warm before you ever start to paddle. You’ll feel better on the river after doing this.
How to seat in your kayak: There is two way to get in your kayak. 1- Take your boat to the smooth banks or onshore when you are ready. Sit on the rear deck, extend your legs into the cockpit, then slide your lower body forward into the cockpit until your body nestles firmly into place. Once you’re comfortably seated push off the bank into the water. 2- Place your kayak in the water parallel with the bank and use your paddle like an outrigger for stability. Use the hand nearest your kayak to hold both the paddle and cockpit rim with one blade on the shore and the other one lying just past the outer edge of the boat. And with your other hand hold the shaft nearest the bank for stability. To avoid damaging your paddle, keep most of your weight toward your kayak when using this technique. And then slide your legs into the hull sit comfortably and push the rock or bank.
How paddle works: A paddle allows you to adjust to currents, change direction on the river’s surface, and travel faster and slower.